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Dorothy Carpenter Medical Archives: History of Library

History of Medicine at Wake Forest Baptist Health

About Dr. Carpenter

The Coy C. Carpenter Library is named in honor of the late Dr. Coy Cornelius Carpenter. Dr. Carpenter was a pathologist who, in essence, established the Bowman Gray School of Medicine, and served as dean of the school for 26 years before being named vice president for medical affairs.

Dr. Carpenter served his entire professional career as a member of the faculty and administration of the institution. During his tenure as dean from 1936 to 1963, he witnessed a time of dramatic growth in medical knowledge which brought about sweeping changes in medical education and medical practice. With these changes came new challenges and frequent crises for the school. Because of his ability to meet the needs and challenges of medical education, it was said that Dr. Carpenter “built a shoe around a shoestring”. Indeed, no one has contributed more than he to the success of the Bowman Gray School of Medicine (renamed Wake Forest School of Medicine in 1997). He skillfully guided the institution through its change from a two-year school of medicine at Wake Forest College in the town of Wake Forest, NC, to the four-year school that relocated in 1941 to Winston-Salem and affiliated with the North Carolina Baptist Hospital, Inc.

When the School of Medical Sciences of Wake Forest College was established in September of 1902, a variety of textbooks, reference works and journals were acquired to assist the faculty as well as students. After 1915 these materials were collectively known as the Pennell Memorial Medical Library. They were housed separately in part of the general Wake Forest College Library located in the Alumni Building on the college campus in the town of Wake Forest, NC. This collection was cared for and serviced by its one librarian.

When the School of Medical Sciences moved to Winston-Salem in 1941, the library was located on the first floor of the Medical School building. When additional space was acquired by the school in 1951 and 52, library materials were also moved to the ground floor of that building. Expansion continued when the James A. Gray building was completed in the 1958-59 school year. The Gray building was connected to the original medical school building, and after several departments moved into the building, the library was able to obtain some space that had been used for research earlier. In 1972, the library moved to the first floor of the Gray building, where it still is today. The library’s holdings have grown along with its floor space; in 1941 it had fewer than 2,500 volumes, but today it has over 145,000!

Growth of Library

As the library has grown, so have the services offered to students, faculty, staff and community researchers. With the advances in technology, we have seen many changes in the volume and form of information available. The library works to provide the most up-to-date options to patrons so that you can find exactly what you need. Here’s a quick look at the changes that have occurred over the years:

Services added in: 

1950s - Interlibrary loan and photocopying

1960s - Teletype network linking CCC Library with other libraries

1970s - Dorothy Carpenter Medical Archives established to preserve and provide access to the history of the school and hospital; Online access to Medline, Toxline, and Dialog databases; and Audiovisual resources section offering audiotapes, videotapes, and computer programs 

1980s - Microcomputers available for patron use in Learning Resource Center; Computer Aided Instruction (CAI), system for accessing databases through terminals for self-instruction;Customized bibliographic and research services; Drug Information Service Center (DISC) formed to offer clinical, educational and research support concerning drugs to all health professionals

1990s - Access to Micromedex, TOMES (Toxicology Occupational Medicine and the Environment) and Science Citation Index databases available; Holdings accessed via computer catalog

2000s - Access to over 1,500 online journals and textbooks; Access to over 50 databases online, including Biological Abstracts, MD Consult, UpToDate, InfoPoems; Document delivery and interlibrary loan services provided through online service called ILLiad, which electronically sends and tracks requests; PDA/mobile computing resources added; Ask a Librarian service offered via e-mail and instant messenger

2010s - Library space renovated to meet changing needs

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